herbals yarrow

RECND324

Yarrow

Scientific:Achillea millefolium
Other:Yarrow

Indications

Gastrointestinal
• digestive complaints
- dyspepsia
- colic
• inflammation of the mucous membranes
- gastric ulcer
- gastritis
- colitis

Respiratory
upper respiratory tract infections
- colds
- influenza

Urinary
urinary tract infections (UTI)
• hematuria

Cardiovascular
hypertension
• atherosclerosis

Dermatologic
• wounds (topical application)
• leishmaniasis

Gynecological
• atonic menstrual complaints
- dysmenorrhea
- menorrhagia
- leukorrhoea

Actions

bitter
vulnerary
diaphoretic
antispasmodic
astringent
carminative
antiviral
diuretic
antiinflammatory
antiulcerogenic
antihypertensive

Constituents

• Volatile oils (azulene, chamazulene)
• Sesquiterpene lactones (achillicin)
• Flavonoids
Bitters
• Alkaloids
• Tannins
• Coumarin

Posology

• Tincture (1:5 of flower in 40% EtOH): 2-4 ml tid
• Fluid extract (1:1 of flower in 25% EtOH): 1-2 ml tid
• Infusion (dried flower): 2-4g tsp tid

Safety

Generally considered safe when used as indicated.

References

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Barnes J, Anderson LA, Phillipson JD. Herbal Medicines, 3rd ed. London: Pharmaceutical Press, 2007.

Bone K. Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2000.

Bone K. A Clinical Guide to Blending Liquid Herbs: Herbal Formulations for the Individual Patient. St Louis, MO: Churchill Livingstone, 2003.

Brinker F. The Toxicology of Botanical Medicines, 3rd ed. Sandy, Oregon: Eclectic Medical Publications, 2000.

Felter HW, Lloyd JU. King's American Dispensatory. 1898. http://www.ibiblio.org/herbmed/eclectic/kings/main.html. Accessed: August 19, 2006.

Hoffman D. Medical Herbalism. Rochester, Vermont: Healing Arts Press, 2003.

Weiss RF. Herbal Medicine. Beaconsfield, England: Beaconsfield Publishers Ltd, 1988.

Williamson EM, ed. Major Herbs of Ayurveda. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2002

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