herbals wormwood

RECND354

Wormwood

Scientific:Artemisia absinthium
Other:Wormwood

Indications

Gastrointestinal
• atonic digestive complaints
- dyspepsia
- hypochlorhydria
- pancreatic insufficiency
- colic
irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
• Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
- Crohn's disease - supported by research

Hepatobiliary
• biliary insufficiency
- cholestasis
- cholelithiasis (gallstones)
- jaundice
- biliary dyskinesia

Note: other herbs are safer for long-term use.

Infection
helminths (worms)
- roundworms)
- pinworms
upper respiratory tract infections

Gynecological
• irregular menstrual cycles
dysmenorrhea
amenorrhea

Other
• IgA nephropathy

Actions

bitter
stomachic
cholagogue
choleretic
carminative
antimicrobial
anthelmintic
• vermifuge
febrifuge
antiinflammatory
emmenagogue

Constituents

• Sesquiterpene lactones (e.g. absinthin)
• Essential oils
• Monoterpenes (thujone)
• Flavonoids

Posology

• Liquid extract (1:1 in 25% EtOH): 1-4 ml tid
• Infusion (Dried herb): 1-2 tsp tid

Safety

Contraindications: Pregnancy and lactation (uterine stimulant); thujone is teratogenic.

High doses: May lead to nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, paralysis and convulsions; thujone is a neurotoxin.

Long-term use: Avoid use.

Gastritis, peptic ulcers: Stimulation of gastric secretions can irritate inflamed mucous membranes; concomitant ingestion of demulcent herbs can help prevent aggravation.

References

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Barnes J, Anderson LA, Phillipson JD. Herbal Medicines, 3rd ed. London: Pharmaceutical Press, 2007.

Bone K. Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2000.

Bone K. A Clinical Guide to Blending Liquid Herbs: Herbal Formulations for the Individual Patient. St Louis, MO: Churchill Livingstone, 2003.

Brinker F. The Toxicology of Botanical Medicines, 3rd ed. Sandy, Oregon: Eclectic Medical Publications, 2000.

Felter HW, Lloyd JU. King's American Dispensatory. 1898. http://www.ibiblio.org/herbmed/eclectic/kings/main.html. Accessed: August 19, 2006.

Hoffman D. Medical Herbalism. Rochester, Vermont: Healing Arts Press, 2003.

Weiss RF. Herbal Medicine. Beaconsfield, England: Beaconsfield Publishers Ltd, 1988.

Williamson EM, ed. Major Herbs of Ayurveda. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2002

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