Dermatologic (topical application)
- varicose veins
- venous insufficiency
- wheeping eczema
- contact dermatitis
• over-relaxed or inflamed mucous membranes with bleeding:
- infectiod diarrhea (dysentery)
- inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
- apthous ulcers
- gastric ulcers
- prolapsed rectum (enema or suppository)
- rectal bleeding
- proctitis (topical application)
- hemorrhoids (topical application)
- anal fissures
• vaginal prolapse
• post-partum uterine bleeding
• Volatile oils
• Tincture (1:5 in 40% EtOH): 1-2 ml tid
• Decoction (dried herb): 1 tsp tid
Contraindications: External use over large areas of damaged skin (as tannins can be toxic when absorbed systemically).
Long-term use: Avoid use. Tannins may decrease absorption of nutrients, cause constipation, irritate the stomach, and cause liver disease.
High doses: Avoid use. Tannins may decrease absorption of nutrients, cause constipation, irritate the stomach, and cause liver disease.
Barnes J, Anderson LA, Phillipson JD. Herbal Medicines, 3rd ed. London: Pharmaceutical Press, 2007.
Bone K. Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2000.
Bone K. A Clinical Guide to Blending Liquid Herbs: Herbal Formulations for the Individual Patient. St Louis, MO: Churchill Livingstone, 2003.
Brinker F. The Toxicology of Botanical Medicines, 3rd ed. Sandy, Oregon: Eclectic Medical Publications, 2000.
Felter HW, Lloyd JU. King's American Dispensatory. 1898. http://www.ibiblio.org/herbmed/eclectic/kings/main.html. Accessed: August 19, 2006.
Hoffman D. Medical Herbalism. Rochester, Vermont: Healing Arts Press, 2003.
Weiss RF. Herbal Medicine. Beaconsfield, England: Beaconsfield Publishers Ltd, 1988.
Williamson EM, ed. Major Herbs of Ayurveda. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2002
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