Inner bark is high in mucilage and used to protect inflamed mucous membranes.
• general inflammation of GI tract
- gastroesophageal reflux disorder (GERD)
- gastric ulcers
- apthous ulcers
• irregular bowels
• anal fissures
Dermatologic (topical use)
• suppurative infections (poultice)
• varicose veins
• bed sores
• nutritive deficiency
• convalescence (porridge)
• soluble fiber
• phenolic acids
• Warm or cold infusion (powdered inner bark): 1-2 tsp/cup, 2-3 minutes
Generally considered safe when used as indicated.
Medications- Take medications away from soluble fiber because it can decrease their absorption and impair their effectiveness.
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Brinker F. The Toxicology of Botanical Medicines, 3rd ed. Sandy, Oregon: Eclectic Medical Publications, 2000.
Felter HW, Lloyd JU. King's American Dispensatory. 1898. http://www.ibiblio.org/herbmed/eclectic/kings/main.html. Accessed: August 19, 2006.
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Weiss RF. Herbal Medicine. Beaconsfield, England: Beaconsfield Publishers Ltd, 1988.
Williamson EM, ed. Major Herbs of Ayurveda. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2002
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