herbals rhodiola

RECND337

Rhodiola

Scientific:Rhodiola rosea
Other:Roseroot

Indications

Second generation adaptogen. Primary active constituents are not steroidal glycosides but rather phenylpropanoid derivatives whose mechanism of action is different. Brain tonic; rosavins (tyrosol derivatives) modulate the catecholamines (epinephrine, norepinephrine, dopamine), as well as serotonin and acetylcholine.

Endocrine
• stress
• adrenal fatigue
chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)
hypothyroidism
fibromyalgia

CNS
• over-stimulated states
- insomnia
• mood disturbances
- depression
- anxiety
• poor cognition
- attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD, ADD)
• neurodegenerative disorders
- Parkinson's disease
- Alzheimer's disease

Cardiovascular
• over-stimulated heart
- arrhythmias
- hypertension

Reproduction
• sexual dysfunction related to stress
- erectile dysfunction (ED)
- menstrual complaints
- amenorrhea
• infertility

Exercise
• altheletic performance
• decreased endurance
• prolonged recovery time between high-intensity exercise sessions

Actions

adaptogen
• tonic
stimulant
sedative
• brain tonic
nootropic
antidepressant
• cardiotonic
cardioprotective
antiarrhythmic
antihypertensive
anticancer
antiinflammatory
• antiaging

Constituents

• Phenylpropanoid derivatives (tyrosol glyscosides, salidroside)
• Flavonoids

Posology

• Tincture (1:4) 2-3 ml tid
• Capsules (3% rosavins): 100-600mg qd
• Decoction (dried herb): 1-2 tsp tid

Safety

Generally considered safe when used as indicated.

Side effects: Insomnia (rare) if taken in the evening.

References

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Barnes J, Anderson LA, Phillipson JD. Herbal Medicines, 3rd ed. London: Pharmaceutical Press, 2007.

Bone K. Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2000.

Bone K. A Clinical Guide to Blending Liquid Herbs: Herbal Formulations for the Individual Patient. St Louis, MO: Churchill Livingstone, 2003.

Brinker F. The Toxicology of Botanical Medicines, 3rd ed. Sandy, Oregon: Eclectic Medical Publications, 2000.

Felter HW, Lloyd JU. King's American Dispensatory. 1898. http://www.ibiblio.org/herbmed/eclectic/kings/main.html. Accessed: August 19, 2006.

Hoffman D. Medical Herbalism. Rochester, Vermont: Healing Arts Press, 2003.

Weiss RF. Herbal Medicine. Beaconsfield, England: Beaconsfield Publishers Ltd, 1988.

Williamson EM, ed. Major Herbs of Ayurveda. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2002

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