herbals oat

RECND303

Oat

Scientific:Avena sativa
Other:Oat

Indications

CNS (green oat straw)
• nervous system exhaustion from overwork
- insomnia
- stress
- anxiety
• drug addiction withdrawal (traditional use)
- smoking cessation
- opiates

Cardiovascular (rolled oats)
hyperlipidemia
• hypercholesterolemia

Dermatologic (rolled oats, topical application)
• irritated skin
eczema
• dry skin
shingles

Gastrointestinal (rolled oats)
• inflammation of upper GI tract
- GERD
- gastritis
- peptic ulcers
irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
• inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) †
- colitis
- Crohn's disease (not during acute flare-ups)

Actions

Actions of "oat straw":
• nervin tonic
nervine
antidepressant

Actions of "rolled oats":
demulcent
• emolient
Antipruritic
antihyperlipidemic
antiulcerogenic
vulnerary

Constituents

• Triterpenoid saponins (e.g. avenacosides)
• Soluble fiber (e.g. β -glucan)
• Proteins (e.g. Avenin)

Posology

• Tincture (1:5 in 45% EtOH) 1-5 ml tid
• Fluid extract (1:1 in 25% EtOH) 0.6-2 ml tid
• Rolled oats (steel cut): 30 g for porridge

Safety

Generally considered safe when used as indicated.

†Caution: Avoid use during acute flare-ups of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Celiac disease patients need to be assessed for oat sensitivities.

Celiac disease: Oats do not contain gliadin, however, the avenins
share similarities and co-sensitivities. Elimination and reintroduction to rule-out oat sensitivities is recommended.

References

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Barnes J, Anderson LA, Phillipson JD. Herbal Medicines, 3rd ed. London: Pharmaceutical Press, 2007.

Bone K. Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2000.

Bone K. A Clinical Guide to Blending Liquid Herbs: Herbal Formulations for the Individual Patient. St Louis, MO: Churchill Livingstone, 2003.

Brinker F. The Toxicology of Botanical Medicines, 3rd ed. Sandy, Oregon: Eclectic Medical Publications, 2000.

Felter HW, Lloyd JU. King's American Dispensatory. 1898. http://www.ibiblio.org/herbmed/eclectic/kings/main.html. Accessed: August 19, 2006.

Hoffman D. Medical Herbalism. Rochester, Vermont: Healing Arts Press, 2003.

Weiss RF. Herbal Medicine. Beaconsfield, England: Beaconsfield Publishers Ltd, 1988.

Williamson EM, ed. Major Herbs of Ayurveda. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2002

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