herbals marshmallow

RECND373

Marshmallow

Scientific:Althaea officinalis
Other:Marshmallow

Indications

Leaf and roots are high in mucilage making them an excellent demulcent for soothing irritated mucous membranes.

Gastrointestinal
• general inflammation of GI tract
- esophagitis
- gastroesophageal reflux disorder (GERD)
- gastritis
- laryngitis
- colitis
- gastric ulcers
- apthous ulcers
• irregular bowels
- constipation
- diarrhea

Urinary
• inflammation and infection
- cystitis
- urinary tract infections (UTI)
- interstitial cystitis
• urethritis
• calculi
• urolithiasis

Respiratory
• dry irritating cough

Dermatologic (topically)
• suppurative infections (poultice)
- abscesses (poultice)
- boils (poultice)
• furuncles
• ulcers
varicose veins
• bed sores

Actions

demulcent
emollient
expectorant
vulnerary
antiinflammatory
diuretic

Constituents

Mucilage
Soluble fiber
Tannins (root)
Flavonoids
Phenolic acids
Hypoglycemic - due to soluble fiber

Posology

• Tincture (1:5 in 25% EtOH): 1-4 ml tid
• Cold infusion (dried root): 1-3 tsp/cup

Note: if you obtain the whole root, you will need to let the infusion sit overnight to extract the mucilage. Powdered root only requires 5-10 mins with shaking to extract the mucilage.

Safety

Generally considered safe when used as indicated.

Interactions

Medications- Take medications away from soluble fiber because it can decrease their absorption and impair their effectiveness.

References

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Barnes J, Anderson LA, Phillipson JD. Herbal Medicines, 3rd ed. London: Pharmaceutical Press, 2007.

Bone K. Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2000.

Bone K. A Clinical Guide to Blending Liquid Herbs: Herbal Formulations for the Individual Patient. St Louis, MO: Churchill Livingstone, 2003.

Brinker F. The Toxicology of Botanical Medicines, 3rd ed. Sandy, Oregon: Eclectic Medical Publications, 2000.

Felter HW, Lloyd JU. King's American Dispensatory. 1898. http://www.ibiblio.org/herbmed/eclectic/kings/main.html. Accessed: August 19, 2006.

Hoffman D. Medical Herbalism. Rochester, Vermont: Healing Arts Press, 2003.

Weiss RF. Herbal Medicine. Beaconsfield, England: Beaconsfield Publishers Ltd, 1988.

Williamson EM, ed. Major Herbs of Ayurveda. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2002

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