herbals marijuana

RECND374

Marijuana

Scientific:Cannabis sativa
Other:Marijuana
Synonym:Cannabis indica

Indications

Immune
• cancer
• cachexia

Gastrointestinal
• anorexia (poor appetite)
• nausea & vomiting
• inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
- Crohn's disease
- ulcerative colitis

Opthalmic
glaucoma

Nervous
multiple sclerosis
epilepsy
• neuropathies
depression & anxiety

Respiratory
asthma

Musculoskeletal
• rheumatism
- arthritis

Urinary
• interstitial cystitis

Actions

• psychoactive
immunostimulant
antiemetic
anticancer
analgesic
antiinflammatory
sedative
stomachic
hypotensive

Constituents

• diterpenoids - cannabinoids

Posology

Therapeutic levels can be achieved through inhaling the smoke or ingestion. Dosage will vary depending on the strength of the preparation.

Safety

Contraindications: Pregnancy and lactation

†Caution: Occasional use may help with anxiety and depression, but chronic use may aggravate. May increase psychosis in some individuals.

May decrease testosterone levels and alter other sex hormones.

Legal: Cannabis is considered illegal in most countries. Some states and provinces may grant "medicinal marijuana" status to certain patients.

References

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Barnes J, Anderson LA, Phillipson JD. Herbal Medicines, 3rd ed. London: Pharmaceutical Press, 2007.

Bone K. Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2000.

Bone K. A Clinical Guide to Blending Liquid Herbs: Herbal Formulations for the Individual Patient. St Louis, MO: Churchill Livingstone, 2003.

Brinker F. The Toxicology of Botanical Medicines, 3rd ed. Sandy, Oregon: Eclectic Medical Publications, 2000.

Felter HW, Lloyd JU. King's American Dispensatory. 1898. http://www.ibiblio.org/herbmed/eclectic/kings/main.html. Accessed: August 19, 2006.

Hoffman D. Medical Herbalism. Rochester, Vermont: Healing Arts Press, 2003.

Weiss RF. Herbal Medicine. Beaconsfield, England: Beaconsfield Publishers Ltd, 1988.

Williamson EM, ed. Major Herbs of Ayurveda. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2002

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