Highly regarded herb in Asian medicine. Tonifies qi and nourishes yang. More stimulating and warming than Panax quinquefolius. One of the most stimulating adaptogens.
• adrenal fatigue
• chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)
• diabetes mellitus type 2
• sexual dysfunction
- erectile dysfunction (ED)
• poor cognition
- attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD, ADD)
• mood disturbances
• neurodegenerative disorders
- Parkinson's disease
- Alzheimer's disease
• drug withdrawal
- smoking cessation
- alcohol abuse
• chemotherapy and radiation side-effects
- immunosuppresion (leukopenia, neutropenia)
Note: Research suggest that it can significantly increase survival rates in cancer patients.
• tonifies spleen & stomach in TCM to improve
- gastric ulcers
• intermittent claudication
• angina pectoris
• male tonic
• sexual tonic
• Steroidal glycosides (ginsenosides)
• Tincture (1:5 in 60% EtOH): 1-2 ml tid
• Decoction (dried powdered root): 0.5-1 tsp tid
Contraindications: Acute infection.
Side effects: Increased blood pressure.
Caution: Use with anticoagulants (e.g. coumadin); may potentiate effects. Hypertensive patients; monitor BP.
Pregnancy and lactation: Korean ginseng deemed safe.
• High doses: may cause aggitation, insomnia, diarrhea, skin lesions
• Cardiac glycosides - potential for interaction
• Anticoagulants (e.g. coumadin) - known to interaction
• MAO inhibitors - suspected to interact
• Stimulants - may potentiate them
• Drug metabolism - known to inhibit specific P450 (CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP1B1)
• Oral hypoglycemics - may potentiate them because ginseng decrease blood sugar
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Williamson EM, ed. Major Herbs of Ayurveda. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2002
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