• over-excited states and mood disorders:
- obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
- Bell's palsy
• pain assocaited with the GU tract
- urinary tract infection (UTI)
- irritable bladder
- interstitial cystitis
• Liquid extract (1:2): 3-6 ml qd
• Standardized extract: 60-120 mg kavalactones qd
Caution: May induce hepatotoxicity in those with pre-existing liver disease or as a result of certain preparation techniques.
High doses: Kava dermopathy (dry scaling skin).
Pregnancy and lactation: Use with caution.
• Sedatives - may potentiate other related drugs
Barnes J, Anderson LA, Phillipson JD. Herbal Medicines, 3rd ed. London: Pharmaceutical Press, 2007.
Bone K. Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2000.
Bone K. A Clinical Guide to Blending Liquid Herbs: Herbal Formulations for the Individual Patient. St Louis, MO: Churchill Livingstone, 2003.
Brinker F. The Toxicology of Botanical Medicines, 3rd ed. Sandy, Oregon: Eclectic Medical Publications, 2000.
Hoffman D. Medical Herbalism. Rochester, Vermont: Healing Arts Press, 2003.
Weiss RF. Herbal Medicine. Beaconsfield, England: Beaconsfield Publishers Ltd, 1988.
Williamson EM, ed. Major Herbs of Ayurveda. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2002
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