High essential oil content constitutes most actions.
• urinary tract infections (UTI)
• edema, due to poor kidney function†
• digestive complaints with bloating and gas causng cramps:
• Volatile oils (pinene, terpin-4-ol)
• Tincture (1:5 in 40% EtOH): 0.5-1 ml tid
• Infusion (dried berries): 1 tsp tid
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Brinker F. The Toxicology of Botanical Medicines, 3rd ed. Sandy, Oregon: Eclectic Medical Publications, 2000.
Felter HW, Lloyd JU. King's American Dispensatory. 1898. http://www.ibiblio.org/herbmed/eclectic/kings/main.html. Accessed: August 19, 2006.
Hoffman D. Medical Herbalism. Rochester, Vermont: Healing Arts Press, 2003.
Weiss RF. Herbal Medicine. Beaconsfield, England: Beaconsfield Publishers Ltd, 1988.
Williamson EM, ed. Major Herbs of Ayurveda. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2002
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