herbals holy-basil-tulsi

RECND257

Holy Basil, Tulsi

Scientific:Ocimum sanctum
Other:Holy Basil, Tulsi
Synonym:Ocimum tenuiflorum

Indications

Revered herb in ayurvedic medicine. Believed to balance the chakras and promote general health and longevity.

Endocrine
• adrenal fatigue
• stress
diabetes mellitus type 2

CNS
• nervous exhaustion
• irregular mood disturbances
- depression
- anxiety
• poor cognition
- attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD, ADD)
- decreased cerebral circulation
- 'mental fog'
- difficulties concentrating and impaired learning

Immune
• poor immune function
• cancer
- lung

Gastrointestinal
• digestive complaints with bloating and gas causing cramps:
- flatulence
- colic
• stomach ulcers

Infection
• respiratory tract infections
- colds
- flu
- bronchitis
- pneumonia
- asthma
• fungal infection

Actions

adaptogen
nootropic
stimulant
anxiolytic
antidepressant
carminative
expectorant
antispasmodic
immunomodulator
antiulcer
antiseptic
antimicrobial
antiviral
anticancer
hepatoprotective
antioxidant

Constituents

• Volatile oil (e.g. eugenol)
• Monoterpenes (e.g. carvacrol)
• Phenolic acids (rosmarinic acid)
• Triterpenes (ursolic acid, oleanolic acid)

Posology

• Tincture (1:5): 1.5-2.5 ml tid
• Liquid extract (1:2): 1-3 ml tid
• Decoction (dried herb): 2-6 qd

Safety

Generally considered safe when used as indicated.

References

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Barnes J, Anderson LA, Phillipson JD. Herbal Medicines, 3rd ed. London: Pharmaceutical Press, 2007.

Bone K. Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2000.

Bone K. A Clinical Guide to Blending Liquid Herbs: Herbal Formulations for the Individual Patient. St Louis, MO: Churchill Livingstone, 2003.

Brinker F. The Toxicology of Botanical Medicines, 3rd ed. Sandy, Oregon: Eclectic Medical Publications, 2000.

Felter HW, Lloyd JU. King's American Dispensatory. 1898. http://www.ibiblio.org/herbmed/eclectic/kings/main.html. Accessed: August 19, 2006.

Hoffman D. Medical Herbalism. Rochester, Vermont: Healing Arts Press, 2003.

Weiss RF. Herbal Medicine. Beaconsfield, England: Beaconsfield Publishers Ltd, 1988.

Williamson EM, ed. Major Herbs of Ayurveda. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2002

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