herbals ginger

RECND371

Ginger

Scientific:Zingiber officinale
Other:Ginger

Indications

Warming digestive tonic with similar indications as turmeric, with less potent antiinflammatory effects.

Gastrointestinal
• poor digestion (abdominal pain, bloating, cramping)
- dyspepsia
- colic
- irritible bowel disease (IBS)
• nausea and vomiting
- hyperemesis gravidarum (pregnancy)
- morning sickness
- motion sickness
- sea-sickness
- emesis-induced chemotherapy
gastric ulcers

Hepatobiliary
• atonic biliary conditions
- cholestasis
- cholelithiasis (gallstones)
- cholecystitis
- biliary dyskinesia
• non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)

Cardiovascular
hyperlipidemia
• atherosclerosis
• coronary heart disease
• thrombosis (prevention)

Gynecological
dysmenorrhea

Musculoskeletal
• rheumatic conditions
- osteoarthritis (OA)
- rheumatoid arthritis (RA)

CNS
migraines (prevent, decrease)
anxiety
carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)

Cancer
• various cancers (possible)

Endorine
pancreatitis
alcohol abuse

Actions

antiemetic
carminative
diaphoretic
antiinflammatory
Antirheumatic
anticancer
antioxidant
• pungent bitter
antispasmodic
hepatoprotective
antiseptic
antimicrobial
antiviral
antithrombotic

Constituents

• Volatile oil
• Phenolics (gingerols, shogaol)

Posology

• Tincture (1:5 40% EtOH): 1-5 ml tid
• Liquid extract (1:1 40% EtOH): 0.25-1 ml tid
• Decoction (fresh root): 1-2 tsp qd
Ginger candies: as needed for nausea

Safety

Generally considered safe when used as indicated.

Caution: GERD; carminatives relax lower esophageal sphincter tone and may aggravate heartburn.

Interactions

• Anticoagulants - possesses anti-platelet effects and may interact with blood thinners.

References

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Barnes J, Anderson LA, Phillipson JD. Herbal Medicines, 3rd ed. London: Pharmaceutical Press, 2007.

Bone K. Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2000.

Bone K. A Clinical Guide to Blending Liquid Herbs: Herbal Formulations for the Individual Patient. St Louis, MO: Churchill Livingstone, 2003.

Brinker F. The Toxicology of Botanical Medicines, 3rd ed. Sandy, Oregon: Eclectic Medical Publications, 2000.

Felter HW, Lloyd JU. King's American Dispensatory. 1898. http://www.ibiblio.org/herbmed/eclectic/kings/main.html. Accessed: August 19, 2006.

Hoffman D. Medical Herbalism. Rochester, Vermont: Healing Arts Press, 2003.

Weiss RF. Herbal Medicine. Beaconsfield, England: Beaconsfield Publishers Ltd, 1988.

Williamson EM, ed. Major Herbs of Ayurveda. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2002

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