herbals garlic

RECND273

Garlic

Scientific:Allium sativum
Other:Garlic

Indications

Cardiovascular
hypercholesteremia (decreases LDL and TG, raises HDL)
• atherosclerosis
hypertension
• thrombosis (prevention)
• intermittent claudication

Infection
• viral
- colds
- influenza
- pneumonia
- warts
• yeast
- candidiasis
- tinea
• bacterial
- otitis media
- bronchitis
- vaginosis
- mastitis
• parasites
- helminths (worms)
- leishmaniasis
- trichomonas
- schistosoma (flukes)

Other
• liver detoxification
hepatitis
mercury poisoning

Actions

antimicrobial
antibacterial
antiviral
antiparasitic
antihyperlipidemic
hypotensive
antithrombotic
hepatoprotective
stimulant
antioxidant
hypoglycemic
expectorant
diaphoretic
immunostimulant
rubefacient
diuretic
anticancer

Constituents

• Sulfur-containing compounds (allicin, alliin, ajoene, diallylsulfide, dithiin, S-allylcysteine)

Posology

• Fresh garlic (crushed): 4 g qd or 1 clove tid
• Dried garlic (powder): 2-4 g qd
• Tincture (1:1 in 45% EtOH): 2-4 ml tid
• Standarized extract (6 mg allicin): 600-900 mg qd
• Vaginal suppository: 1 clove (either puncture with a fork or cut in half)

Note: topical application and suppositories may be too caustic for sensitive individuals.

Safety

Pregnancy and lactation: Dietary consumption is generally safe. High doses should be avoided as safety has not yet been established.

High doses: Avoid in pregnancy and lactation.

Sulphur allergies: Avoid use.

Interactions

• Anticoagulants - may potentiate
• Surgery - avoid excess amounts before and after procedure

References

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Barnes J, Anderson LA, Phillipson JD. Herbal Medicines, 3rd ed. London: Pharmaceutical Press, 2007.

Bone K. Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2000.

Bone K. A Clinical Guide to Blending Liquid Herbs: Herbal Formulations for the Individual Patient. St Louis, MO: Churchill Livingstone, 2003.

Brinker F. The Toxicology of Botanical Medicines, 3rd ed. Sandy, Oregon: Eclectic Medical Publications, 2000.

Felter HW, Lloyd JU. King's American Dispensatory. 1898. http://www.ibiblio.org/herbmed/eclectic/kings/main.html. Accessed: August 19, 2006.

Hoffman D. Medical Herbalism. Rochester, Vermont: Healing Arts Press, 2003.

Weiss RF. Herbal Medicine. Beaconsfield, England: Beaconsfield Publishers Ltd, 1988.

Williamson EM, ed. Major Herbs of Ayurveda. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2002

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