herbals flaxseed

RECND376

Flaxseed

Scientific:Linum usitatissimum
Other:Flaxseed

Indications

High in soluble fiber; acts as a mucilage and bulking agent.

Gastrointestinal
• irregular bowels
- chronic constipation
- diarrhea
• general inflammation of GI tract
- esophagitis
- gastroesophageal reflux disorder (GERD)
- gastritis
- laryngitis
- colitis
- gastric ulcers

Cardiovascular
high cholesterol

Reproduction
• female hormonal imbalance
- dysmenorrhea
- menopausal hot flashes
• benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

Cancer
prostate cancer (prevention)
breast cancer (prevention)

Actions

bulk laxatives
Antihyperlipidemic
phytoestrogenic
demulcent
emollient
antioxidant
antiinflammatory
• nutritive
hypoglycemic - due to soluble fiber

Constituents

Mucilage
Fixed oils
Soluble fiber
Lignans

Posology

• Ground flaxseed (added to food): 1-2 tbsp/day

Safety

Warning: Hydration while taking flax is important as bulk laxatives absorb water; patients must be instructed to consume adequate amounts of fluids following administration.

Interactions

Medications- Take medications away from soluble fiber because it can decrease their absorption and impair their effectiveness.

References

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Barnes J, Anderson LA, Phillipson JD. Herbal Medicines, 3rd ed. London: Pharmaceutical Press, 2007.

Bone K. Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2000.

Bone K. A Clinical Guide to Blending Liquid Herbs: Herbal Formulations for the Individual Patient. St Louis, MO: Churchill Livingstone, 2003.

Brinker F. The Toxicology of Botanical Medicines, 3rd ed. Sandy, Oregon: Eclectic Medical Publications, 2000.

Felter HW, Lloyd JU. King's American Dispensatory. 1898. http://www.ibiblio.org/herbmed/eclectic/kings/main.html. Accessed: August 19, 2006.

Hoffman D. Medical Herbalism. Rochester, Vermont: Healing Arts Press, 2003.

Weiss RF. Herbal Medicine. Beaconsfield, England: Beaconsfield Publishers Ltd, 1988.

Williamson EM, ed. Major Herbs of Ayurveda. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2002

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