herbals elderberry

RECND266

Elderberry

Scientific:Sambucus canadensis
Other:Elderberry, Elder
Synonym:Sambucus nigra

Indications

Respiratory
upper respiratory tract infections (URTI)
- colds
- influenza
- sinusitis
- rhinitis
• viruses (berries)

Actions

diaphoretic
astringent
antiviral
antiadherence
antirheumatic
diuretic
antiinflammatory

Constituents

• Anthocyanin (fruit)
• Tannins
Ascorbic acid
• Flavonoids
• Cyanogenic glycoside (unripe fruit - destroyed with heating)

Posology

• Tincture (1:5 of flower in 40% EtOH): 2-4 ml tid
• infusion (dried flower): 2 tsp tid

Safety

Side effects: May cause severe vomiting and diarrhea (due to cyanogenic glycosides found in the bark, leaves and unripe fruit). Heat will destroy.

References

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Barnes J, Anderson LA, Phillipson JD. Herbal Medicines, 3rd ed. London: Pharmaceutical Press, 2007.

Bone K. Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2000.

Bone K. A Clinical Guide to Blending Liquid Herbs: Herbal Formulations for the Individual Patient. St Louis, MO: Churchill Livingstone, 2003.

Brinker F. The Toxicology of Botanical Medicines, 3rd ed. Sandy, Oregon: Eclectic Medical Publications, 2000.

Felter HW, Lloyd JU. King's American Dispensatory. 1898. http://www.ibiblio.org/herbmed/eclectic/kings/main.html. Accessed: August 19, 2006.

Hoffman D. Medical Herbalism. Rochester, Vermont: Healing Arts Press, 2003.

Weiss RF. Herbal Medicine. Beaconsfield, England: Beaconsfield Publishers Ltd, 1988.

Williamson EM, ed. Major Herbs of Ayurveda. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2002

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