herbals echinacea

RECND335

Echinacea

Scientific:Echinacea angustifolium
Other:Purple Cone Flower
Family:E. purpurea ¶ E. pallida

Indications

Infections
• bacterial infections (chronic and acute)
upper respiratory tract infections
sinusitis
• prophylactic colds and flus
mononucleosis
• recurrent candidiasis
• vaginosis

Note: lipid phillic extracts (alkylamides) were more effective than hydrohphilic extracts (caffeic aicd derivatives) at activating phagocytes.

Integumentary
warts (internally)
• carbuncles, boils (topically)
• poor wound healing
Leishmaniasis

Cancer
• adjuvant therapy (contraversal)

Actions

immunostimulant
immunomodulator
antibacterial
depurative
anticancer
antiinflammatory
vulnerary
• sialagogue

Constituents

• alkylamides
• caffeic acid esters (echinacoside)
• polysaccharides
• pyrrolizidine alkaloids (trace)

Posology

• Tincture (1:5 40% EtOH) 1-4 ml tid
• Liquid extract (1:1 45 EtOH) 0.5-1 ml tid
• Decoction: 1-2 tsp root tid

Safety

• Autoimmune - there is some theoretical risks associated with its use in autoimmune diseases, allergies and astma; however no

• Immunosuppresive drugs - best to avoid due to theoretical interaction.

Breast cancer - may decrease survival time for breast cancer survivors

Interactions

Ma H, Carpenter CL, Sullivan-Halley J, Bernstein L. The roles of herbal remedies in survival and quality of life among long-term breast cancer survivors--results of a prospective study. BMC Cancer. 2011 Jun 6;11:222. PubMed PMID: 21645383

References

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Barnes J, Anderson LA, Phillipson JD. Herbal Medicines, 3rd ed. London: Pharmaceutical Press, 2007.

Bone K. Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2000.

Bone K. A Clinical Guide to Blending Liquid Herbs: Herbal Formulations for the Individual Patient. St Louis, MO: Churchill Livingstone, 2003.

Brinker F. The Toxicology of Botanical Medicines, 3rd ed. Sandy, Oregon: Eclectic Medical Publications, 2000.

Felter HW, Lloyd JU. King's American Dispensatory. 1898. http://www.ibiblio.org/herbmed/eclectic/kings/main.html. Accessed: August 19, 2006.

Hoffman D. Medical Herbalism. Rochester, Vermont: Healing Arts Press, 2003.

Weiss RF. Herbal Medicine. Beaconsfield, England: Beaconsfield Publishers Ltd, 1988.

Williamson EM, ed. Major Herbs of Ayurveda. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2002

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