• conditions that require sympathetic nervous system stimulation
- headaches (migraines)
- poor concentration
• Alzheimer's disease (prevention)
• Parkinson's disease (prevention)
• atonic digestion
• may protect from liver disease
• diabetes mellitus type 2 (prevention)
• bronchiolar constriction
• urinary gravel
• methylxanthines (aka purine alkaloid) - caffeine
• phenolic acids
• volatile oil (caffeol)
Decoction: 1 cup bid
Pregnancy: High doses may be harmful. Moderate consumption is safe.
Lactation: Compounds enter breast-milk and may cause colic in children.
Caution: May aggravate the following conditions:
• gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
• gastric ulcer
• urinary incontinence
• fibrocystic breasts
• hypercholesterolemia (unfiltered coffee)
Barnes J, Anderson LA, Phillipson JD. Herbal Medicines, 3rd ed. London: Pharmaceutical Press, 2007.
Bone K. Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2000.
Bone K. A Clinical Guide to Blending Liquid Herbs: Herbal Formulations for the Individual Patient. St Louis, MO: Churchill Livingstone, 2003.
Brinker F. The Toxicology of Botanical Medicines, 3rd ed. Sandy, Oregon: Eclectic Medical Publications, 2000.
Felter HW, Lloyd JU. King's American Dispensatory. 1898. http://www.ibiblio.org/herbmed/eclectic/kings/main.html. Accessed: August 19, 2006.
Hoffman D. Medical Herbalism. Rochester, Vermont: Healing Arts Press, 2003.
Weiss RF. Herbal Medicine. Beaconsfield, England: Beaconsfield Publishers Ltd, 1988.
Williamson EM, ed. Major Herbs of Ayurveda. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2002
Disclaimer: This content is subject to change. The information is intended to inform and educate; it does not replace the medical evaluation, advice, diagnosis or treatment by a healthcare professional. www.healthydigestionclinic.com © 2015 NDAssist Inc. and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.