Used as an adaptogen in ayurvedic medicine; however, it is calming rather than stimulating.
• overstimulated states
- nervous exhaustion
• poor cognition
- attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD, ADD)
• neurodegenerative disorders
- Parkinson's disease
- Alzheimer's disease
• drug withdrawal
- smoking cessation
• chemotherapy and radiation side-effects
- immunosuppresion (leukopenia, neutropenia)
• chronic respiratory conditions
• rheumatic diseases and connective tissue disorders
- muscle weakness
• sexual debility
- erectile dysfunction
• chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)
• Steroidal glycosides (withanolide)
• Tincture (1:5): 2 ml tid
• Liquid extract (1:2): 2-4 ml tid
• Decoction (dried herb): 3-6 g qd
Generally considered safe when used as indicated.
Caution: Hyperthyroidism; may stimulate thyroid function.
Barnes J, Anderson LA, Phillipson JD. Herbal Medicines, 3rd ed. London: Pharmaceutical Press, 2007.
Bone K. Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2000.
Bone K. A Clinical Guide to Blending Liquid Herbs: Herbal Formulations for the Individual Patient. St Louis, MO: Churchill Livingstone, 2003.
Brinker F. The Toxicology of Botanical Medicines, 3rd ed. Sandy, Oregon: Eclectic Medical Publications, 2000.
Felter HW, Lloyd JU. King's American Dispensatory. 1898. http://www.ibiblio.org/herbmed/eclectic/kings/main.html. Accessed: August 19, 2006.
Hoffman D. Medical Herbalism. Rochester, Vermont: Healing Arts Press, 2003.
Weiss RF. Herbal Medicine. Beaconsfield, England: Beaconsfield Publishers Ltd, 1988.
Williamson EM, ed. Major Herbs of Ayurveda. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2002
Disclaimer: This content is subject to change. The information is intended to inform and educate; it does not replace the medical evaluation, advice, diagnosis or treatment by a healthcare professional. www.healthydigestionclinic.com © 2015 NDAssist Inc. and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.