conditions candidia

RECND558

Candidia

Condition:Candidiasis
Other:Yeast Infection
ICD-10 Codes:B37

Summary

Top 5 natural treatments for candida:

1. goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis)
2. garlic
3. probiotics
4 anti-candida diet
5. pau d'arco (Tabebuia spp.)

Naturopathic Treatments

Lifestyle
• stress management

Diet
• decrease refined carbohydrates
• avoid fermented foods and yeast
candida diet

Topical (Intravaginal)
• probiotics
garlic clove (Allium sativum)
• boric acid
• coconut oil

Botanicals
goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis)
tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia)
pau d'arco (Tabebuia spp.)
wormwood (Artemisia absinthium)
• old man's beard (Usnea barbata)
turmeric (Curcuma longa)

Supplements
• Saccharomyces boulardii

Conventional Treatments

• azole drugs (fluconazole, clotrimazole, miconazole)
• nystatin cream

Signs & Symptoms

General
• pruritis
• redness
swelling
• burning pain, soreness
• white discharge

Oral (see Condition: Oral Thrush):
• white plaques over an erythematous background
• tongue usually involved
• may spread to trachea, esophagus, corners of mouth

Diaper:
• beefy red
• elevated and defined margins surrounding lesions
• may be pustular

Intertriginous:
• skin folds (axillary, inframammary, inguinal, neck)
• moist, red plaques or papules, pustules

Vagina:
• thick white, cottage cheese discharge
• swollen, red external genitalia
• skin sores

Male Genitalia:
• numerous red, round lesions over glans and shaft
• pain, tenderness
• may involve scrotum

Nails:
• swollen, tender cuticles
• redness
• often the result of thumb sucking (children)

DDx

Associated disease:
HIV
diabetes
• cancer

Oral:
• geographic tongue
• leukoplakia
• aphthous stomatitis

Diaper:
• contact dermatitis
• bacterial infection
• IgA dermatosis

Intertriginous:
• bacterial infection
• miliaria
• contact dermatitis
psoriasis
• pityriasis rosea
• erythrasma

Vaginal:
• trichomoniasis
• bacterial vaginosis
• non-infectious vaginitis (e.g. douching)
• vulvovaginitis
urinary tract infection (UTI)
• chlamydia
• gonorrhea

Male Genitalia:
psoriasis
• tinea
• bacterial infection

Nails:
• tinea
• bacterial infection

Pathogenesis

• fungal infection (Candida albicans) of the skin and mucous membranes
• factors associated with Candida
- damage to epidermis
- dampness and warmth
- dysbiosis
- immunosupression (HIV, corticocsteroids, cancer)
- antibiotics
- hormone replacement therapy

Diagnostics

• skin scrape
• culture

References

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